The first records of massage can be found since the antiquity. From the earliest times massage therapy was an inseparable part of treatment. Hindu and the Chinese have described the first massage techniques. The records about massage on stone flags, which were found in India and China, were created about three thousand years B.C. at that time massage was performed by the clergy who studied the art of massage at special schools for ten years.
Massage was considered solemn performance and was applied only to noble persons in rites of ‘banishment of evil spirits of disease’, for treatment of barrenness and for cosmetic purposes. Massage was also very popular in ancient Egypt and Greece. The doctors Herodotus and Hippocrates described many massage techniques and recommended them for wide medical practice. In ancient Greece there existed special massage schools and places, where it was practiced for all persons interested in it. Later, massage was widely used in Italy, Turkey and Persia but it was available for the aristocracy only. Massage was not applied in Europe during the Middle Ages and it was treated as a magical art.
At present, massage therapy is practiced at any health centre or medical establishment. This effective medical method is successfully applied in traumatological practice, for treatment of eye diseases, gynecological disorders, for prophylaxis and treatment of a wide range of inner diseases. Besides, it is widespread in sports practice.
Medical massage is an effective tool for treatment of various injuries and diseases. Medical massage is divided into several groups: Classical massage is applied freely without considering reflexive influence and is done near the injured part of the body or in the immediate region of it. Reflex massage is done with the aim of reflex influence on functional condition of inner organs and systems. Special techniques are applied in order to influence certain zones. […]